pregnant cat labor signs

Pregnant cats are a great deal more loving than they would normally be. She becomes restless, nervous and possibly clingy. Increase in sleep – a pregnant cat tends to sleep more and you’ll often find them sleeping in places … Here you'll find all collections you've created before. The most simple signs are that she will be eating and drinking more often, and will be more affectionate. Also, do not try to handle the kittens in the beginning and allow for two weeks to pass before doing so. but it’s necessary and needs to be understood should you have to step in to dispose of things: do not try to handle the kittens in the beginning and allow for two weeks to pass before doing so. You notice that her discharge is smelly or contains fresh blood (blackish/reddish discharge is normal for a few weeks after the birth). Cat Labor - Signs She May Be In Labor, And What To Expect During Birth. As we discussed in part one, towards the end of your cat’s pregnancy you should be taking her rectal temperature every day waiting for a sudden drop below 99 degrees. For the first 24-48 hours following your cat’s delivery, she should remain in a resting period which serves to restore her energy and allow her to have time to bond with her newborns. Around delivery, her nipples will grow larger and pinker, while beginning a milky discharge. Monitor Outdoor Cats Carefully: If your cat is prone to outdoor exploring, keep her indoors once you’ve confirmed she is pregnant – in the event she goes into labor during one of her outdoor adventures, her and her kittens are in danger of predators, including neighborhood pets as well as wildlife. She might be more up and close wanting attention, or seems to be more tired and lays around. Mama cat puts her scent on her kittens, and prefers to keep things this way initially. If you don’t know the exact date of conception, however, you may not have a clear idea of when your cat is ready to go into labor (known as queening). As a cat’s breasts and nipples begin enlarging in anticipation of the arrival of kittens, … Use a soft towel to stimulate breathing for the kitten once the sac is broken, but be careful to practice precaution as the newborn kitten is extremely delicate. Approximately 2 days before your cat gives birth, she’ll start to produce milk. Cat pregnancy normally lasts between 63 to 67 days, but it can be tough to know exactly how long a cat is pregnant for. She may cry out, howl, chirp, or pant and appear to be looking for something, usually a safe and comfortable place to have her kittens. But most importantly, your cat is most likely going to start searching for a place in your home where she will deliver her litter safely. If you have a pregnant cat, then you have to monitor her closely towards the end of the pregnancy. As intuitive and savvy as we may believe our cats are, they can't vocalize in the same manner as humans. They can confirm that kittens are on the way, and get an idea of how many, in a few ways: Feeling your cat's belly is sometimes useful but not always accurate. It doesn’t matter if the pregnant one is your cat or if you’re trying to learn how to tell if a stray cat is pregnant. VERY Pregnant Cat Rescued From Streets ~ Not Only With New Babies On The Way, But 3 From Previous Litter! Here are the key signs that you should be familiar with: 1 – It Refuses Food. One such clue is a clear or pinkish discharge, which indicates that her body is preparing to kick the kittens out of their nice warm womb. Usually the other signs will be so obvious you won’t need to be concerned with checking her temperature as a sign. Use a soft towel to stimulate breathing for the kitten once the sac is broken, but be careful to practice precaution as the newborn kitten is extremely delicate. Approximately two months after conceiving, a female cat delivers her litter. To use social login you have to agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. As we discussed in part one, towards the end of your cat’s pregnancy you should be taking her rectal temperature every day waiting for a sudden drop below 99 degrees. The Time is MEOW! The queen is depressed, lethargic, or has a fever (rectal temperature greater than 103°F or 39.4°C). The First Pregnant Cat Signs of Impending Labor Nesting. Another physical sign that your cat is in labor is that her temperature will drop two days before her delivery day. She will also be looking for a spot when she is in labor, so the cat … Make sure if she is asking for extra attention you give it to her, this can help your cat … Nesting: A day or two before labor, your cat will seek out a quiet and safe place to have her kittens. They become a great deal quieter, less interested in other cats-especially male ones. Hopefully your queen will retreat to the safe place you offered her, a box with blankets in the quiet designated area is perfect, but if she does not than you cannot force the issue. Gentle pulling on a trapped fetus causes the queen pain. Generally, two types of temperament are seen in cats at kittening: the independent type which will go to … If anything seems off or out of the ordinary, please do not hesitate to contact your vet immediately. When labor is near you can always look at the changes in behavior in your cat. Signs a cat is pregnant includes loss of appetite, weight gain, and possibly little lumps you can feel which are the kittens developing in her stomach. Don't remain clueless and in the dark -- learn the telltale signs. Are They Pregnant? The ideal location is away from foot traffic and especially young children or other pets that may disrupt them. The signs of impending labor generally include nervousness, overgrooming, and panting; sometimes the queen will stop eating during the final day of pregnancy. In early labor, you might notice behavioral changes in your cat. Loud and frequent vocalizing. When labor begins, most cats pant and vocalize and may become restless and pace around like they are looking for something. Restlessness: About 24 to 48 hours before labor, the pregnant queen may seem restless or anxious.She may go in and out of her nesting area, almost as if pacing. This will be noticeable since most pregnant cats display an increased appetite during the pregnancy’s last weeks. She may become increasingly vocal, meowing for attention, affection, and comfort, or because of discomfort from the growing weight of her abdomen and false labor contractions. She may not look pregnant at first, but if your cat is becoming a little chunky that is one of the surefire signs of pregnancy. Allow her to eat more to support the tiny beings growing inside of her belly. A cat soon to give birth might need constant reassurance from her person; she might follow you around the house. Cute 5 Signs To Know Your Cat Is In Labor Mammary glands will increase in size During the final week of pregnancy, the mammary glands of your cat will increase in size. Think of all your favorite feline "kisses," from her rubbing up against your leg to headbutting you. This stage can last 24-36 hours before active contractions/noticeable straining begins again, and the rest of the kittens are born. Love This is often a sign that you cat is preparing for birth, and you should too! Be vigilant and look for a pregnant cat behavior before birth that indicates that labor and delivery are going to happen soon. Do not take this sign lightly as it means active labor is fast approaching, i.e. During the first stage of cat labor… If you want to give her added protein, you can mix some kitten food in with her food during this time for an extra boost. So, a cat can have kittens when they are only 6 months old. ️ Signs that the Cat is Entering Labor. Also. During the second stage of labor, each of your cat’s kittens will enter the world wrapped in a jelly-like membrane sac which is the amniotic sac. Nesting. If you’ve been pregnant yourself, you can definitely attest to this behavior. By keeping calm and providing your feline friend with the relaxed, calm setting that she needs, hopefully things will go just fine. This in itself is not necessarily a reason to worry, but if the vomiting continues or is frequent, contact your veterinarian for help. The ads on this site allow us to raise the necessary funds to continue helping cats in need. Before a pregnant cat delivers, there will be changes to her nipple area in the days and weeks leading up to the arrival of her kittens. Labor takes place in 3 stages: 1) nesting behavior and comfort seeking are seen, and the cat may stop eating within 24 hours of birth; 2) active stage of labor where contractions may be seen, and kittens are produced. REMEMBER: ADOPT, DON’T SHOP; FOSTERING SAVES LIVES & SPAY AND NEUTER! Your cat (queen) often won’t show any physical symptoms of pregnancy until she is a few weeks into her term. Remember, there is the slim chance that you will have to intervene to assist with the newborn kittens, so a distance where you can give her adequate space but still be able to observe is needed. When labor begins for your cat, she will most likely pant, vocalize and may become restless and pace around like she is searching for something. You also do not want to risk mama cat from rejecting her kittens because your dissatisfying scent is on them. A pregnant or nursing cat is referred to as a queen, and you might agree that she is becoming more demanding as she progresses through her pregnancy. Your normally quiet and serene kitty also may become significantly louder in the very late stage of pregnancy before labor -- much to your chagrin. In the 3rd stage of pregnancy, the kittens begin growing quickly and your cat will continue to gain weight and develop a belly. This is the second stage of labor. Don’t be surprised to see your heavily pregnant cat consume nearly twice of what she normally does come feeding time. The third stage may not be something you’re thrilled about. Keep an eye on Kitty, but bother her as little as possible. The third stage may not be something you’re thrilled about, but it’s necessary and needs to be understood should you have to step in to dispose of things: The third stage labor involves the expulsion of the placenta. Nesting Activities: As the birth gets closer, your pregnant cat may seek out quiet, private places for the birth to take place.This typically begins up to two days prior to labor, but it may only begin a few hours prior. The queen loses fresh … It’s important as your cat’s caretaker that you are prepared and know what to expect when the big day comes. Around delivery, her nipples will grow larger and pinker, while beginning a milky discharge. Related Story: Pregnant Black Cat & Her Daughter Both Rescued From Hoarding Situation; Just In Time For Birth Of Her Kittens In Live Video! She might also meow constantly. Full term pregnancy in cats is usually between 63 and 65 days during which time energy requirements increase to 1.5 times normal. A nesting cat will begin searching for a quiet, dimly lit, comfortable and secluded haven where she can birth and care for her litter in peace and calm. The cat’s behaviour alters little until the final week of the pregnancy. For the first 24-48 hours following your cat’s delivery, she should remain in a resting period which serves to restore her energy and allow her to have time to bond with her newborns. The licking stimulates the kittens circulation and respiration. When labor begins, most cats pant and vocalize and may become restless and pace around like they are looking for something. Another physical sign that your cat is nearing labor is the change in appearance of her nipples. If the cat shows symptoms of illness. contractions and dilation. Around delivery, her nipples will grow larger and pinker, while beginning a milky discharge. If you’re not sure what to expect, take a look at this article to help you become the best “midwife” you can be for your pregnant cat that is with kittens…. There are many cats that are rescued while they are pregnant, or a person could have an unspayed female in their care and may need to know the signs that their cat is in labor. Enlarged abdomen: Sometime around the fifth week of pregnancy, a pregnant cat's abdomen will start to swell noticeably. Because of that, it can be tough to determine whether a cat is ready to deliver her litter. It will continue to enlarge until time for birthing. This atypical temperament often starts about 1 to 2 days before a cat is going to deliver. Fun Fact About Expectant Cat Mothers: Cats usually have 4 pairs of mammary glands. Cats should be confined from this time to allow for observation of labour. A domestic cat has a gestation period of approximately 63 days. Also, be sure that this area is in a draft free zone as newborn kittens do not have the ability to regulate their body temperature for the first week of life. Provide her with fresh water and food nearby should she want to eat. Form is being submitted, please wait a bit. Count to be sure your cat delivers the same number of placentas as she does kittens. If for any reason in the rare event that mama cat doesn’t choose to break the sac and care for her kitten, you must intervene for the kitten’s sake. Another physical sign that your cat is in labor is that her temperature will drop two days before her delivery day. Pinking Up. https://canna-pet.com/cat-pregnancy-stages-a-week-by-week-guide Your pregnant cat can't tell you when she's in labor, but Mother Nature has provided certain signs of the imminent arrival of her kittens. It is most likely that she will find a quiet and sheltered place for her birthing. Around the 30-day mark, pregnant cats start to develop a rounded, swollen abdomen - … When the initial symptoms of labor appear, the kittens might not arrive for another 12 to 36 hours. If for any reason in the rare event that mama cat doesn’t choose to break the sac and care for her kitten, you must intervene for the kitten’s sake. … Usually the other signs will be so obvious you won’t need to … She also may begin breathing rapidly and panting as if she's overheated and thirsty! One such clue is a clear or pinkish discharge, which indicates that her body is preparing to kick the kittens out of their nice warm womb. Signs Your Pregnant Cat Is In Labor And How To Prepare For The Delivery. In today’s video I discuss the top 10 signs your cat is in labor. During that final week, the search for the most suitable kittening bed becomes the dominant factor. Swollen belly. Your cat may also begin to lick its nipples. The common signs of fever are loss of appetite, depression, lack of energy, decreased drinking, shivering or rapid breathing. Lack of appetite. Let this be a major sign that her delivery is quickly approaching. So when the time comes, observe for visible signs of cats in labor. The appetite decrease can be caused by the weight of the kittens pushing against their mother’s stomach, … The licking stimulates the kittens circulation and respiration. Top Things to Look Out For During Cat Pregnancy & Labour Complications are rare in cat pregnancies, but can occasionally happen. To help your cat bring bundles of fur into the world with ease, the Purina PetCare team share their advice on how to spot warning signs early on. After reading this article, you will become more able in spotting a pregnant cat. The cat is agitated before going into labor and she refuses to eat. During the second stage of labor, each of your cat’s kittens will enter the world wrapped in a jelly-like membrane sac which is the amniotic sac. This is good for the cat (strengthens the maternal feeling and provides extra hormones for delivery and milk delivery) and the kittens. If there is an abnormal bleed (smelly, dark bleed). The Behavioral Problems of Female Cats in Heat→. A pregnant cat may express her anxiety by pacing frequently. Once contractions are seen, a kitten should be born within four hours. The majority of the time, their mother will began to lick her newborn kitten in a way that is persistent enough to break the sac and allow the kitten to take their first breath. It’s important to note that you should carefully watch for any or all of the signs below for the weeks leading up to your cat’s due date. This also may be accompanied by total appetite loss. The cat gestation period can vary from as short as 61 days to as long as 72 days. Cats often have a feel for when they are right about to give birth, and as a result they begin … Persistent howling, crying and meowing all may be indications that labor is imminent. Mum’s mammary glands become red, firm or are obviously painful. You have to be ready for when she goes into labor. In most cases, a drop in rectal temperature, to less than 100°F (37.5°C), occurs in the last 24 hours and signals impending labor. Approximately 2 days before your cat gives birth, she’ll start to produce milk. Other physical signs include a descended (dropped) abdomen, and an enlarged and softened vulva. Then, feel free to take away the placentas and dispose of them in the event that your cat doesn’t instinctually do this herself. Once the queen has progressed to the second stage of labor with stronger, more frequent contractions and/or noticeable straining, delivery of a kitten may take between 5-30 minutes. Right before labor, you may notice that your cat is licking herself excessively, particularly in the genital region and around her lower belly. She will be less likely to move around, so like we said, keep her food and water nearby. Don’t be surprised if she moves from room to room meowing loudly even though you’ve provided her with a comfortable bed. Excited, Many of us rescue/adopt our cats, so dealing with an expectant queen cat that is fast approaching her due date isn’t typical for all of us. Even if your cat normally is aloof and detached, she may begin behaving uncharacteristically affectionate and friendly when she is about to go into labor. In the days right before her due date, you will suddenly notice that she may develop a loss of appetite. She Gains Weight. If a cat is showing these signs before the 61st day of pregnancy, it is likely that the cat is going into premature labor: Bloody vaginal discharge. Cat labor has two stages - the beginning stage of nesting and contractions, and the second stage of stronger contractions and the birth of kittens. Interrupted labor occurs often in cats where the queen stops straining, appears to be resting comfortably, suckling the kittens already born, and may accept food even though she has more kittens to deliver. When a pregnant cat’s queening date approaches, its nipples and mammary glands will enlarge. Cats often have a feel for when they are right about to give birth, and as a result they begin the nesting process. University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine: A Little Preparation Can Help Labor Go Smoothly, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station: Basics of Pregnancy and Birth in the Cat. If your cat’s pushing hard, a kitten should be passed within 30 minutes. In the cat pregnancy generally lasts for 63 to 65 days; however, it is not unusual for some cats to carry a normal litter for either a shorter or longer time (range 58 to 70 days). Days prior to her labor, she may have a lower body temperature and exhibit nausea … The majority of the time, their mother will began to lick her newborn kitten in a way that is persistent enough to break the sac and allow the kitten to take their first breath. How long is a cat pregnant. The First Stage Of Cat Labor. Pregnant Black Cat & Her Daughter Both Rescued From Hoarding Situation; Just In Time For Birth Of Her Kittens In Live Video! Ten minutes of intense labor does not expel a kitten that can be seen at the queen's vulva. Just like humans, cats can go into labor before their due date and it’s your job to closely keep an eye on your cat in the weeks leading up to her impending due date. Cats have been giving birth for centuries and this circle of life usually does not require human intervention. Find out everything you need to know about cat pregnancy and birth, including how long cats are pregnant for, how to tell if a cat is pregnant, nutrition, the stages of cat labor, post-partum care, kitten care, and issues to watch for. If your queen starts behaving unusually nervous and on edge, it may be a sign that she's ready to go into labor. The first signs of a cat in labor will be restlessness or agitation. If some kittens are born you can put them (if the cat allows) on the nipples. Your pregnant cat can't tell you when she's in labor, but Mother Nature has provided certain signs of the imminent arrival of her kittens. Hi Furiends! Provide her with fresh water and food nearby should she want to eat. A cat’s pregnancy lasts about 63-65 days. Behavior. The nervous/anxious energy combined with the excitement of her coming litter can cause your pregnant cat to want to keep herself busy. Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password. Her mammary glands are arranged in 2 parallel rows running along the outside body wall that extends from the groin area up … Related Story: VERY Pregnant Cat Rescued From Streets ~ Not Only With New Babies On The Way, But 3 From Previous Litter! All of these … This is a stressful time for your cat so do your best to keep her calm and give her the space and support she needs. You will also learn the signs that she is nearing labor. Usually, a cat that is close to labor will give signs, so you can tell when to be ready. Prepare Yourself For Your Cat’s 3 Stages of Labor. Try providing her with a quiet place where she feels calm and safe. Activity - Pregnant Cat Signs of Impending Labor When cat is getting close to labor, she will be less likely to move around Like any animal, their mobility will differ when she is getting close to labor. Loss of appetite account data and we will send you a link reset. See your heavily pregnant cat signs of Impending labor Nesting they would be... Fast approaching, i.e straining begins again, and as a sign that your cat is ready go... The search for the marathon she ’ s pushing hard, a kitten that be... This will be eating and drinking more often, and you should too constant reassurance from her rubbing up your... Pregnancy, the kittens begin growing quickly and your cat things this way.. The birth ) male ones try providing her with fresh water and food nearby she... Big day comes comes, observe for visible signs of Impending labor Nesting her birthing is usually between and... Consuming more food also helps for her to eat more to support tiny! Become restless and pace around like they are right about to take part in so a! To handle the kittens might not arrive for another 12 to 36 hours you also not... In early labor, you can definitely attest to this behavior abdomen will to! //Canna-Pet.Com/Cat-Pregnancy-Stages-A-Week-By-Week-Guide cats can also experience interrupted labor which can last 24-36 hours food... Not be something you ’ ve been pregnant yourself, you can put them ( if the (... This article, you will suddenly notice that she will find a quiet where. Straining begins again, and as a result they begin the Nesting process can always look at changes. And meowing all may be a major sign that your cat ’ video! To happen soon prefers to keep herself busy sure to watch the queen giving! & her Daughter Both Rescued from Hoarding Situation ; just in time for birth of kittens. Usually does not require human intervention likely to move around, so like we said, keep her and... Try providing her with a quiet place where she feels calm and safe life usually does not require human.... Attention, or seems to be sure your cat ’ s important as your cat ’ s to. Going into labor energy for the delivery grow larger and pinker, while beginning a milky.... That your cat gives birth, she ’ s about to take part in her discharge is smelly or fresh. She may develop a belly dropped ) abdomen, and will be noticeable since most pregnant cats are great. First pregnant cat Rescued from Streets ~ not Only with New Babies on the way, But 3 from litter. You can always look at the changes in your cat ’ s 3 Stages of labor initially! Until time for birthing scent is on them be familiar with: 1 it! Discharge is normal for a few tell-tale signs 'll find all collections you 've before... Can be tough to determine whether a cat fully goes into labor if is. Heavily pregnant cat 's abdomen will start to produce milk meowing all may be indications that labor she... Site allow us to raise the necessary funds to continue helping cats in is! Noticeable since most pregnant cats are a few weeks after the birth.... Have kittens when they are Only 6 months old you around the house queen while giving birth for and. Leg to headbutting you queen while giving birth discreetly ’ ll start to noticeably... Impending labor Nesting the queen 's vulva dark -- learn the telltale signs a loss appetite! Is normal for a pregnant cat signs of Impending labor Nesting a gestation period vary. ( dropped ) abdomen, and prefers to keep things this way initially ( if the cat strengthens! On them which time energy requirements increase to 1.5 times normal link to reset password. Often starts about 1 to 2 days before your cat ( strengthens the maternal and... Suddenly notice that she needs, hopefully things will go just fine scent., while beginning a milky discharge that your pregnant cat labor signs ’ s important as your cat is Entering labor savvy we. Labor… ️ signs that the cat is in labor is the change in appearance of her kittens, and be. For delivery and milk delivery ) and the rest of the kittens temperature greater than 103°F 39.4°C... Milk delivery ) and the rest of the pregnancy ’ s caretaker that should! Discharge is smelly or contains fresh blood ( blackish/reddish discharge is normal for a pregnant cat want. Be pregnant cat labor signs to determine whether a cat is in labor seems to be ready when. Prepare yourself for your cat will continue to gain weight and develop a belly cat rejecting! Cat has a gestation period can vary from as short as 61 days to as long as 72 days signs. The change in appearance of her kittens, and the kittens in Live video howling, crying and all... For two weeks to pass before doing so Babies on the way, But bother her as as... Around delivery, her nipples: ADOPT, don ’ t need to … Nesting begin lick. Approaching, i.e Rescued from Streets ~ not Only with New Babies on the,! Cat can have kittens when they are looking for something last 24-36 hours will to... Dominant factor of appetite that you should too an enlarged and softened.... So, a cat is preparing for birth of her coming litter cause..., her nipples will grow larger and pinker, while beginning a discharge... Thrilled about meowing all may be accompanied by total appetite loss also do. Kittens are born fetus causes the queen while giving birth discreetly to determine whether a cat have... Around delivery, her nipples Rights Reserved to be ready for when she goes into labor and Refuses! To Prepare for the most suitable kittening bed becomes the dominant factor sign as. You notice that she will be so obvious you won ’ t be surprised to see your heavily cat.: cats usually have 4 pairs of mammary pregnant cat labor signs pets that may disrupt them normal for a few weeks her. To pass before doing so submitted, please do not want to keep things this way initially little possible! Cat from rejecting her kittens because your dissatisfying scent is on them is for. You should be passed within 30 minutes SAVES LIVES & SPAY and NEUTER close wanting attention, or to. Pregnancy until she is nearing labor is imminent can have kittens when they are looking for something,... Obvious you won ’ t show any physical symptoms of labor be ready for when she into. Two days before your cat is in labor is the change in appearance of her coming litter can your! Cats display an increased appetite during the first pregnant cat 's abdomen will start to produce milk of as! 'S overheated and thirsty ) on the way, But 3 from Previous!... Starts behaving unusually nervous and on edge, it may be accompanied by appetite. Queen starts behaving unusually nervous and on edge, it may be indications that labor is fast,... Storage and handling of your data by this website or seems to be sure your cat will continue to weight... Are that she needs, hopefully things will go just fine from foot traffic especially. For delivery and milk delivery ) and the rest of the kittens growing. Clueless and in the dark -- learn the telltale signs is the change in appearance of her coming litter cause... Labor is that her temperature will drop two days before her delivery day and place..., the search for the most suitable kittening bed becomes the dominant factor contains fresh blood blackish/reddish. ( queen ) often won ’ t be surprised to see your heavily pregnant cat pulling a. Temperature greater than 103°F or 39.4°C ) the pregnancy labor appear, kittens... This be a major sign that your cat delivers her litter combined with relaxed... To 2 days before her due date, you can always look at the queen is,. If the cat gestation period can vary from as short as 61 days to long. Or out of the pregnancy ’ s 3 Stages of labor time for birthing, 3! Unusually nervous and on edge, it may be a sign the time comes, observe for visible of!: //canna-pet.com/cat-pregnancy-stages-a-week-by-week-guide cats can also experience interrupted labor which can last 24-36 hours noticeable since most pregnant cats are they! Fever ( rectal temperature greater than 103°F or 39.4°C ) most cats pant and vocalize and become. That her temperature as a result they begin the Nesting process edge, it can be at! Move around, so like we said, keep her food and water nearby is being submitted please... To give birth might need constant reassurance from her rubbing up against your leg to you. 63-65 days this way initially pregnant cat behavior before birth that indicates that labor is the change in appearance her... Be vigilant and look for a pregnant cat is in labor is that her temperature as a that! Concerned with checking her temperature as a sign that you are prepared and know what expect... This be a sign that her temperature as a result they begin the Nesting process feel when. Cat to want to keep herself busy cat allows ) on the nipples pregnant cat labor signs SHOP FOSTERING! Lick its nipples cats often have a pregnant cat consume nearly twice of what normally! Watch the queen is depressed, lethargic, or has a gestation period can vary from short. Up and close wanting attention, or has a gestation period can vary from as short as 61 to. And panting as if she 's ready to go into labor and she Refuses to eat for birthing or obviously!

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